Summary of rules

 

Level

Property

How to determine base number

1(a)

One category of heir; no fixed shareRule A: Number of heads

1(b)

One category of heir with a fixed shareRule B: Denominator of the share

1(c)

Two categories of heirs; one has a fixed shareRule C: Denominator of the share

1(d)

Two or more categories of heirs; at least two have fixed sharesConsider the denominators of the two shares
Rule D: If they are the same  (tamathul), choose one
Rule E: If one is a multiple of the other (tadakhul), select the higher one
Rule F: If they are parallel (tabayin), multiply them
Rule G: If they converge (tawafuq), multiply one with the adjust (wafq) of the other

‘Awl

Sum of portions greater than base numberRule H: Sum of portions

2(a)

One category of heir cannot share its portionConsider number of heads and number of portions of the category.
Rule I: If parallel (tabayin), multiply number of heads by base number (BN) to get new base number (NBN)
Rule J: If they converge (tawafuq), multiply adjust (of number of heads) by BN to arrive at a NBN
NOTE: There can be no tamathul or tadakhul in this level.
2(b)Two categories of heirs cannot share their portions ; while number of heads and corresponding number of portions of BOTH categories are tabayinConsider number of heads of the two categories
Rule K: If tamathul, select any and multiply by BN. Solution is NBN
Rule L: If tadakhul, multiply the higher one by the BN to get NBN
Rule M: If tabayin, multiply them, then multiply the answer by the BN. Outcome is NBN
Rule N: If tawafuq, multiply wafq of one with the other, then multiply the result with the BN to arrive at a NBN
2(c)Two categories of heirs cannot share their portions;  however, number of heads and number of portions of one category are tawafuq while number of heads and number of portions of the other category are tabayinConsider the wafq (of number of heads) of the tawafuq category along with the number of heads of tabayin category
Rule O: If tamathul, chooses any and multiply by BN to get NBN
Rule P: If tadakhul, select the higher one and multiply it by the BN. Result is NBN
Rule Q: If tabayin, multiply them, then fuether multiply the answer by the BN to arrive at a NBN
Rule R: If tawafuq, multiply wafq of one by the other. Further multiply the result by BN to determine the NBN
2(d)Two categories of heirs cannot share their portions;  but, number of heads and corresponding number of portions of BOTH categories are tawafuq Consider the wafq of both categories
Rule S: If tamathul, pick any and multiply by the BN to obtain a NBN
Rule T: If tadakhul, multiply the base number by the higher one to generate a NBN
Rule U: If tabayin, multiply the two wafqan, thereafter, multiply the answer by the BN to get a NBN
Rule V: If tawafuq, multiply the wafq of one with the other. Subsequently, multiply the solution with the BN. Result is the NBN
3Three or more categories of heirs cannot share their portions;  number of heads and corresponding number of portions of each may either be tabayin or tawafuq Consider number of heads of tabayin category and the wafq of tawafuq category
Rule W: No precise procedure to determine base number, but suggestion is; pick any two categories that are SIMILAR. If they are tabayin, resolve them using the appropriate rule (K, L, M or N) to get a solution ‘X’. If they are tawafuq apply the suitable Level 2(d) rule: S, T, U or V, to obtain a solution ‘X’. Then consider ‘X’ along with the number of heads or wafq of the third category depending on the relationship of its number of heads and number of portions. If tabayin, use its number of heads but if tawaquf, use its wafq. Apply the correct rule. This new answer is ‘Y’. If there are more categories that cannot share their portions, follow the same procedure to resolve all of them. Finally multiply the last result by the BN to determine a NBN

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