# Level one continued

##### Level 1(d): Two or more categories of heirs with at least two having fixed shares
###### Rule D: If the denominators of the shares are the same, that is the base number.

Example 7

 Heirs Husband Sister Shares ½ ½ Base number 2 Portions 1 1

Estate is divided into 2 portions. Each heir inherits 1.

Example 8

 Heirs Grandmother Uterine sister Consanguine brother Shares 1/6 1/6 Residue Base number 6 Portions 1 1 4

Base number = 6; that is clear.
Grandmother: 6 × 1/6 = 1 portion
Uterine sister: 6 × 1/6 = 1 portion
Consanguine brother: 6 – 1 – 1 = 4 portions

###### Rule E: When the denominator of one share is a multiple of the denominator of the other share, the higher one is the base number

Example 9

 Heirs Wife Daughter Half uncle Shares 1/8 ½ Residue Base number 8 Portions 1 4 3

Wife: 8 × 1/8 = 1 portion
Daughter: 8 × ½ = 4 portions
Half uncle: 8 – 1 – 4 = 3 portions   or   8 – (1 + 4) = 3 portions

Example 10

 Heirs 2 full sisters Uterine brother Grandmother Shares 2/3 1/6 1/6 Base number 6 Portions Each sister = 2 1 1

Base number is the LCM of 3, 6 and 6 = 6.
2 full sisters: 6 × 2/3 = 4 portions. Each full sister gets 2 portions.
Uterine brother: 6 × 1/6 = 1 portion
Grandmother: 6 × 1/6 = 1 portion

###### Rule F: In a situation whereby the denominator of the shares are parallel, multiply them and the solution is the base number.

Example 11

 Heirs 2 daughters Wife Full uncle’s son Shares 2/3 1/8 Residue Base number 24 Portions Each daughter = 8 3 5

2 daughters: 24 × 2/3 = 16 portions. Each daughter receives 8 portions.
Wife: 24 × 1/8 = 3 portions
Full uncle’s son: 24 – 16 – 3 = 5 portions or 24 – (16 + 3) = 5 portions

Example 12

 Heirs Wife 1 uterine brother; 1 uterine sister 1 consanguine brother; 3 consanguine sisters Shares ¼ 1/3 Residue Base number 12 Portions 3 4 5

Wife: 12 × ¼ = 3 portions
1 uterine brother and 1 uterine sister: 12 × 1/3 = 4 portions. Each is given 2 portions because two or more uterines share 1/3 of the estate equally irrespective of whether they are males or females.
1 consanguine brother and 3 consanguine sisters: 12 – (3 + 4) = 5 portions. Consanguine brother gets 2 portions while each consanguine sister inherits 1 portion.

###### Exercise 1

The heirs of a deceased are two daughters, mother, father, brother and sister. How will the estate be allotted to them?
Solution